The Comparison of the 15-day, 30-day and 90-day outcomes of 61 patients who underwent intragastric balloon due to obesity by gender
Keywords:Gastric balloon, Gender, Weight loss
Aim: To compare the 15-day, 30-day and 90-day outcomes of 61 patients who underwent intragastric balloons (IGBs) due to obesity by gender.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on patients who underwent IGB between January 2020 and May 2022. Patients under 18 and patients who were followed up in our clinic after balloon insertion were excluded from the study. The post-procedural outcomes and weight losses were compared with appropriate statistical tests between the gender groups.
Results: The mean age of the 61 patients included in the study was 31.09±8.38 years (18-55), and 49 (80.3%) of all patients were women. The patients’ mean body mass index (BMI) was 32.22 kg/m2, the highest BMI was 39.45 kg/m2, and the lowest was 28.23 kg/m2 before the IGB procedure. The mean per cent weight loss on day 15, day 30, and day 90 was 5.9%, 10.23%, and 14.88%, respectively. Post-procedural complications were seen in 42 (68.9%) patients. The most common complications were nausea (41%) and abdominal pain (32.8%). Only three of 61 patients required hospitalisation after the procedure. In male patients, the rate of comorbid disease before IGB (p=0.048), mean height (p<0.001), the mean rank of weight (p<0.001), the mean rank of BMI (p=0.002), and the amount of weight lost (in kilograms) in all three follow-up periods were higher. In the post-procedure follow-ups, the weight-loss rates at the 15th, 30th and 90th days were similar in both genders. In addition, all post-procedure complications were similar in both genders.
Conclusion: The amount of weight loss in male patients was higher in male patients, and the rate of weight loss was similar in both genders. Due to identical complication rates, IGB is a method that can be used safely by both genders in the fight against obesity.
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